A dog without furnishings or long facial hair (like a Bernese Mountain Dog).
In Bernedoodles we call this an improper coat or incorrect coat since longer facial hair is desirable and gives the "doodle look".
A dog that does not have facial furnishings including a beard, eyebrows, mustache. Although an open face is considered breed standard for a bernese mtn. dog it is considered an improper coat in Bernedoodles since it is linked with higher shedding and these dogs don't have the "doodle look" because they don't have the long fluffy face!
This term unfortunately is used differently by different breeders. It is sometimes used to refer to a dog with an improper coat/no furnishings (this is also how we use the term). Some breeders use this term as a synonym for straigt coat! Straight coated dogs DO have furnishings but they just have straight hair.
The longer hair on the face including the beard, eyebrows, mustache on Bernedoodles. This is desirable in Bernedoodles to give them the "doodle look."
We only breed dogs that will have furnishings.
Improper Coat/ Flat Coat
All Poodles are F/F (two copies of furnishings), all Bernese Mtn. Dogs are open faced so they are IC/IC (no copies of furnishings, 2 copies of Improper Coat- note that for Bernese Mtn. Dogs this is the breed standard. Luckily this gene is dominant so Bernedoodles only need to have one copy of it to have furnishings.
Furnishings are associated with lower amounts of shedding. This is why we test our dogs. We only breed pairs that will result in all puppies having at least one copy of the furnishings gene!
All Poodles are F/F and all Bernese Mtn. Dogs are IC/IC
All F1 Bernedoodles will have one copy of furnishings (F/IC) so all F1 Bernedoodles will have furnishings on their face.
F1Bs have a 50% chance of having one copy F/IC and a 50% chance of having two copies F/F like their Poodle parent. Scientists now believe that there is a link between having two copies of the gene and being completely non-shedding. There are of course other genes involved in this trait.
F2s and Multigens- Beware of SOME F2 Generations (there are several kinds). Breeding two parents with visible furnishings does not mean that their puppies will have them! They may be carriers for IC. An F1 X F1 breeding would result in 25% of the litter having no copies of furnishings known as a flat coat. These Bernedoodles will likely shed like a Bernse Mtn. Dog. This is why if we do breed this generation it is very seldom, only to add to our lines, all puppies are genetically tested, and priced according to results. We do however breed other F2s including F1b X F1b since this eliminates this issue (provided they have been tested for this gene)! All F3 and multigenerationals also require parent testing to ensure furnishings. We test all of our dogs for their coat traits to ensure that all of our puppies have the "doodle look."
An F1 Bernedoodle is a Bernese Mtn. Dog X Poodle (50% BMD & 50% Poodle). F1s are generally low to non-shedders. They typically have straight or loose wave coats, but can be curly. They can be many colours.
An F1B Bernedoodle is a F1 Bernedoodle X Poodle (approx. 25% BMD & 75% Poodle). The exact percentages of BMD and Poodle characteristics does vary from dog-to-dog. These dogs generally have more "hypo-allergenic" qualities and usually do not shed (not guaranteed). F1bs will have wavy or curly coats and can be many different colours.
An F2 Bernedoodle is any first generation Bernedoodle (F1, F1B, F1bb) X Any Generation Bernedoodle. Essentially, ONE or more of the parents is an F1 Bernedoodle. There are MANY types of F2s.
F2 from F1 X F1- We very seldomly breed this pairing, we do this because it adds the perfect ratio of multigen Bernedoodle to our lines balancing both BMD & Poodle, we genetically test all puppies and price them accordingly to those results. F1 Bernedoodle X F1 Bernedoodle since this can result in a "flat coat" which is essentially a bernedoodle without "furnishings" (longer facial hair, including eyebrows, mustache and beard). Bernese Mtn. dogs lack furnishings and have an "open face" but in bernedoodles this is considered to be an "improper coat." Dogs with furnishings are typically lower shedders than dogs without furnishings.
F2 from F1 X F1B- We will be breeding this pairing if the parents have been tested to carry the "furnishings" gene. This generation will have variety in their coat colours, and types (curly, wavy, straight) but will typically have more BMD features.
F2 from F1B X F1B- We will be breeding this pairing if the parents have been tested to carry the "furnishings" gene. This generation will have more variety in their coat colours, and types (curly, wavy, straight) but will typically be wavier or curly since both parents have more poodle traits.
F2 from F1BB X F1B- We will be breeding this pairing if the parents have been tested to carry the "furnishings" gene. This generation will have more variety in their coat colours, and types but will typically be wavier or curly since both parents have more poodle traits.
There are many more parent pairings for F2 Generation.
An F3 Generation is an F2 parent bred to an F2, F3 or multigen.
Multigen Bernedoodle is an F3 Generation bred to an F3 generation (or higher) or poodle. There are many variations in colours and coat types in multigens as it will depend on the genetics of each parent.
I will be breeding Multigen Australian Bernedoodles in the near future.
What does the B mean?
The B is used when a Bernedoodle is "back-bred" to the original breed (in most cases this is the poodle). Any Generation will get a B if a Bernedoodle is bred to a pure-bred poodle. (e.g. F1 X poodle = F1B, F2 X poodle = F2B, F3 X poodle = F3B).